In today’s world also, girls and women have to face many health issues inspite of the development of the country. So, here are some of the issues that must be taken into consideration regarding their health.
1. Being Young
HIV, pregnancy and STIs are some of the health challenges faced by the adolescent girls. Every year around 13 million adolescent girls who are under the age of 20 give birth to children. Those young mothers die because of the complications from the pregnancy and childbirth.
Breast and cervical cancers are the two most common cancers affecting women. If these cancers are detected early then women may live alive and healthy. According to latest global figures, each year around half a million women die due to breast cancer and half a million die from cervical cancer.
3. Getting Older
Older women who often work in home, have less pension and benefits, and also less access to health care than their male. If we combine the risk of poverty with old age conditions, then old women also have high risk of abuse and poor health.
Young women are more affected from HIV infections. Young women still have to protect themselves from sexual transmission of HIV and get proper treatment. This may also make them vulnerable to tuberculosis which is the leading cause of death.
5. Maternal Health
Improvement in care during pregnancy and childbirth has benefitted many women. Due to the non-extend ability of those benefits everywhere, in 2013, 300000 women died due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth.
6. Mental Health
Women experience anxiety and depression more than the men. The most common health problem for women is depression and for women under 60 suicide is the leading cause.
7. Noncommunicable Diseases
Before reaching the age of 70, around 4.7 million women in 2012, died from noncommunicable diseases. The reason behind their death was abuse of alcohol, drugs, harmful use of tobacco, road traffic accidents. Obesity is also one of the reason among them as more than 50% of women are overweight.
8. Reproductive Health
One third of health issues among the women of age 15 and 44 years is because of sexual and reproductive health problems. In women and girls of developing countries unsafe sex is a major risk.
9. Sexually Transmitted Infections
Importance of protection against HIV has already been mentioned. To prevent and treat diseases like gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis is also a better job. If syphilis is not treated, stillbirths and foetal deaths may occur.
10. Violence against Women
There are various types of violence women have to face but physical and sexual violence are the most common which take place either by their partner or someone else. Every one in three women under the age of 50 has faced physical or sexual violence which affect their physical and mental health.