India is the largest democracy in the world and we are proud to be a part of it. According to, the total population of this huge nation (as of March 1, 2019) is 1.35 billion, where the number of males is 69.7 crore and the female population is 65.2 crore. Women are still not equal to men in numbers, but there are certain special rights granted by our Constitution to the ladies of our nation that make them feel independent and stronger than men.

Women rights can be broadly classified into two categories — constitutional rights and legal rights. Those guaranteed by the Constitution include Right to Equality, no discrimination in employment on the ground of sex, to secure adequate means of livelihood, equal pay for equal work, securing just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief etc. On the other hand, legal rights are available to women in the form of prevailing law or enactments in the country.

Women have the right to file virtual complaints

The law gives women the option of filing a virtual complaint via email or writing their complaint and sending it to a police station from a registered mailing address. In addition, the SHO sends a police officer to her home to register her complaint. This is in case a woman is not able to physically go to a police station and file a complaint.

Equal Remuneration Act

guarantees the payment of equal remuneration to male and female workers for the same work or work of a similar nature. Under the conditions of recruitment and service, there will be no discrimination based on sex.

The woman cannot be arrested at night

According to the guidelines of the Supreme Court of India, no woman can be arrested at night. If a woman has to be arrested for urgent reasons during the night, the police must obtain the magistrate’s authorization indicating the reason for the urgency of the arrest. In addition, the law also stipulates that the police can only interrogate a woman at her home in the presence of a female police officer and her family members or friends.

Right to maternity benefits

The amendment to the Maternity Allowance Act in 2017 stipulates that every working woman has the right to a fully paid absence from work for a period of 26 weeks to care for her newborn baby. This is available for two surviving children. For more than two children, the duration of the leave would be twelve weeks. This leave is available to all women, whether they work in the private sector or in the public sector.

Women have the right not to be harassed

IPC section 354D allows legal action to be taken against an offender if he follows a woman, attempts to contact her to foster personal interaction on multiple occasions despite a clear indication of disinterest; or monitor a woman’s use of the Internet, electronic mail or any other form of electronic communication.

Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace

This will make provisions that there is no sexual harassment against women at workplaces both in public and private sector.

According to Batra, the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) contain provisions to help women. While the relevant sections of the IPC deal with dowry deaths, cruelty, rape, kidnappings and other offenses, the CrPC has certain safeguards such as a man’s obligation to maintain his woman, the arrest of a woman by police only, etc.

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