The process by which women gain power and control their own lives and the ability to make strategic choices.

There are five components of women’s empowerment:

  • a sense of self-esteem in women;
  • They have the right to choose and determine options;
  • Right to access opportunities and resources;
  • Their right to the power to control their own lives, both inside and outside the home;
  • Their ability to influence the direction of social change to create more social and economic systems at the national and international levels.

In this context, education, training, awareness-raising, self-confidence building, expanding options, access to and control over resources, and working to change the structures and institutions that reinforce and perpetuate gender discrimination and inequality are making women . And girls to claim their rights.

The empowerment and autonomy of women and the improvement of their political, social, economic and health status is an important goal in itself. Moreover, it is necessary for achieving sustainable development. Full participation and participation of both women and men is essential in productive and reproductive life, including shared responsibilities for the care and nourishment of children and the maintenance of the family.

Education is one of the most important

Education is one of the most important means of giving women the knowledge, skills and confidence necessary to participate fully in the development process. More than 40 years ago, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stated that “everyone has the right to education”. In 1990, governments meeting at the World Conference on Education for All in Jomtien, Thailand, pledged for the goal of universal access to primary education. Yet, despite notable efforts by countries around the world that have significantly expanded access to basic education, there are approximately 960 million illiterate adults in the world, two-thirds of whom are women.

There are 130 million children who do not attend primary school and 70 percent of them are girls.

Take steps to eliminate inequalities

Countries should work to empower women and take steps to eliminate inequalities between men and women at the earliest:

(A) Establish mechanisms for equal participation and fair representation of women at all levels of the political process and public life in every community and society and to enable women to express their concerns and needs;

(B) Promote the realization of women’s potential through education, skills development and employment, with the eradication of poverty, illiteracy and ill health among women of paramount importance;

(C) eliminate all practices that discriminate against women; Helping women establish and realize their rights, including those related to reproductive and sexual health;

(D) Take appropriate measures to improve women’s ability to earn an income beyond traditional occupations, achieve economic self-sufficiency and ensure women’s equal access to the labor market and social security systems; (at) ending violence against women;

(F) the elimination of discriminatory practices by employers against women, for example based on evidence of contraceptive use or pregnancy;

(G) To enable women through laws, regulations and other appropriate measures to combine the roles of childbearing, breastfeeding and having children with participation in the workforce.

Governments must establish mechanisms


Governments must establish mechanisms to accelerate the equal participation and representation of women at all levels of the political process and public life in every community and society, and to communicate their concerns and needs for women and in decision-making processes. To enable full and equal participation.

 Governments and civil society must take steps to end attitudes and practices that discriminate against girls and women and strengthen inequality between men and women.

Governments should take steps to promote

Governments should take steps to promote girls’ capacities by attaching the utmost importance to education, skills development and the eradication of illiteracy, poverty and health for all girls and women without any discrimination. Governments, in cooperation with civil society, should take the necessary measures to ensure universal access on the basis of equality between women and men, based on fair, affordable and quality healthcare for women throughout their life cycle.

Governments should take all possible measures

Governments should take all possible measures to address all gender gaps and inequalities related to women’s livelihoods and labor market participation by creating jobs with secure incomes, further strengthening women and improving their reproductive health. Legislation must be introduced that guarantees and enforces equal pay for equal work or for work of equal value.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to participate in the government of his country. Women’s empowerment and autonomy and the improvement of women’s social, economic and political status are essential for achieving transparent and accountable government as well as sustainable development in all areas of governance and life. The balance of power that keeps women from leading a life’s work at many levels of society, from the most individual to the most populous.

Achieving the goal of equal participation

Achieving the goal of equal participation of women and men in decision-making creates a balance that better reflects the fabric of society and is necessary to strengthen democracy and promote its proper functioning. Equality is a lever in political decision-making, without which it is highly unlikely that the effective integration of the equality dimension into government policy-making is possible.

National machines for the advancement of women

National machines for the advancement of women have been established in almost every Member State, including to design, implement, implement, monitor, evaluate, advocate and mobilize support for policies that promote the advancement of women Give. The national apparatus is diverse and uneven in their effectiveness, and in some cases is declining.

World Conference on Human Rights

  • The full and equal participation of women in political, civil, economic, social and cultural life at the national, regional and international levels and the elimination of all forms of gender-based discrimination are the priority objectives of the international community.
  • The World Convention on Human Rights calls for the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights by women and is a priority for governments and the United Nations. The World Conference on Human Rights also underlines the importance of women’s integration and full participation as agents and beneficiaries in the development process.
  • The World Conference on Human Rights calls on governments and regional and international organizations to facilitate women’s access to decision-making and greater participation in decision-making. It encourages further steps within the UN Secretariat to appoint and promote female personnel in accordance with the United Nations Charter,And encourages other large and auxiliary bodies of the United Nations to ensure the participation of women under conditions of equality.

Millennium Declaration


  •  Equality: No one and no country should be denied the opportunity to benefit from development. Equal rights and opportunities for women and men must be guaranteed.
  •  To ensure that boys and girls are the same everywhere on the same date, can complete the entire course of primary education and that girls and boys have equal access at all levels of education.


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